How to Grow and Care for Fittonia (Nerve Plant)

What is Fittonia?

Fittonia is a delicate flowering plant in the acanthus family Acanthaceae. They originate from tropical rainforests in South America, mainly in Peru. 

The Plant is normally called a Nerve plant (The scientific name is Fittonia). Fittonia has deep-green, oval-shaped leaves. It is known as a nerve plant due to its amazing leaf veins network. The most popular vein color is silvery-white, there are also different varieties with veins in red, pink, white, and green. It mainly grows to a height of 3 to 6 inches. It is a low-maintenance, slow-growing houseplant. It does occasionally bloom. 

Care for Nerve Plant(Fittonia)


Fittonia is a tropical plant from the rainforest of South America. It prefers Indirect, bright sunlight. You can place a Fittonia plant at north- or east-facing windows. So that indirect bright sunlight comes to the plant. But never place this plant in direct sun. It can’t tolerate direct sunlight as it is from rainforest, so it prefers shaded areas with indirect sunlight. You can keep the plant near a window with a sheer curtain, where a medium indirect light comes in. You can keep the nerve plant in your bathroom if medium indirect sunlight comes from the window because it is a humid-loving plant.


In the season of growing you have to water your Fittonia every 3-4 days, but let the soil keep dry out between each watering. But if its soil turns completely dry out the plant should fent. It will recover as soon as You give water to the plant. It is very challenging to water the Fittonia. In the Winter, once a week is enough. According to your temperature, you have to add water to the plant. But don’t keep the soil very moist for a very long time in this season. Fittonia plants that stagnate in water will have yellow leaves. 


Nerve plants thrive at temperatures of 21 degrees centigrade but  Fittonia will tolerate a range from the low 15 degrees centigrade up to 26 degrees. As Fittonia are from Rainforest they like humid conditions like in rainforests. You can mist regularly to keep the plant moist. During the time of Winter, use a room humidifier to give the plant a humid feel. They also thrive in bathrooms.


Fittonia grows well in a soil with a peat moss. The soil should be moist but well-draining. It prefers an acidic soil pH (6.5). It can also tolerate alkaline soil. 


Nerve Plants need a balanced 5-5-5 fertiliser. When it’s growing season for the plant, feed fittonia weekly with a dose of liquid fertilizer. When the plant is new, fertilize the plant once a week. Now the question is: How often do you fertilize Fittonia? The answer is In the season of Summer and Spring fertilise your plant with a normal house plant fertilizer.

How to Propagate Fittonia:

You can propagate fittonia by taking stem or leaf cuttings.

At first, Cut the stem where the buds are available. Then place it in water. The place should be in a bright and warm space. You can also propagate by leaf cuttings. For that, you can cut a leaf and stick that in water.It can take from two to eight weeks to propagate.

Types of Fittonia:-

The most common 2 types of Fittonia are there. Fittonia Albivenis are known as nerve plants. Different color variations of the leaf and veins for Fittonia are there. Some Fittonia have dark green leaves with white veins, and Some of them have light green leaves with pink veins. The care for each variation are same.

1. Red Nerve Plant (Fittonia):-

This Plant has dark green leaves with red veins. This Red nerve plant can even produce little yellow flowers. But it blooms if it’s happy.

2. White Nerve Plant (Fittonia)

This type of Nerve plant has green leaves and white veins. There is also a Pink type of Fittonia. They have green leaves with Pink veins.


Is Fittonia a good indoor plant?

Fittonia is a very good indoor plant. But it needs indirect bright sunlight. Place it in a place where indirect sunlight comes. Keep it near a window or in a room where the window is near to the plant.

Is Fittonia an air purifier?

Yes Fittonia or Nerve plant is a popular air-purifying indoor plant. It is a good looking plant with this outstanding quality of air-purifying. It removes benzene, toluene, and trichloroethylene from the air.

Is Fittonia safe?

Fittonia,which is known as a nerve plant, is safe. But if you have cats as a pet in your house, you should take care that it don’t eat or inhale the plants.It may affect the cat. B ut it’s not toxic.

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